city saveh iran
Sāveh (Persian: ساوه, also transliterated as Sāva) is a city in the Markazi Province of Iran. It is located about 100 km southwest of Tehran. As of 2006, the city had a population of 179,009 people.
In the Middle Ages, it was a residence of the Dailamites and of the Seljuqs. It was severely damaged by the Mongol invasion in the 13th century; it was restored during the Ilkhanids. Saveh was again sacked by the Timurids, but later grew under the Safavids. It eventually lost much of its importance when Tehran became the official capital of Persia and, in the mid-19th century, many of the inhabitants moved to Tehran.Climate
(74.3) Daily mean °C (°F) 2.4
(61.8) Average low °C (°F) −2.7
(49.42) Precipitation mm (inches) 37
(8.78) Source: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 1002m
- Friday Mosque, built by the Seljuqs during the 11th century. It includes a courtyard, porch, a 14 m tall minaret, nocturnal areas, a tiled dome (14 m tall, with a diameter of 16 m) and two altars with inscription in Kufic script.
- Maidan Mosque, also known as Red Mosque. Dating to the Seljuq period, it has a brickwork dome, an 11th-century minaret, three porticoes, and internally houses an altar with plasterwork and inscriptions.
- Jameh Mosque of Saveh
- Imamzadeh Soltan Seyed Eshaq Mausoleum
- Sorkhdeh Bridge, south of the city
- Khamseh-Abad caravansarai
Outside the city are the fortresses of Esmaeilieh (35 km), Alvir and Ardemin (56 km, on the road to Hamadan), as well as the archaeological sites of Aveh and Alishar.Economy
Saveh produces large amounts of wheat and cotton. It is also well known for its pomegranates and melons. Kaveh Industrial City, the largest industrial city in Iran, is located in Saveh.Legends
In Persia is the city of Saba, from which the Three Magi set out... and in this city they are buried, in three very large and beautiful monuments, side by side. And above them there is a square building, beautifully kept. The bodies are still entire, with hair and beard remaining. (Book i).
Another legend about Saveh is the Lake of Saveh. It is a lake which is said to have been located near the city. According to the legend mentioned in historical Persian texts, this lake dried out on the night of the birth of Muhammad. A recent investigation in the Zarand area between Tehran and Saveh has revealed some evidence of the existence of this lake in Zarand Plain.Politics edit]
- Jump up ^ Saveh can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3083174" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
- Jump up ^ "Savah". 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica.
- ^ Jump up to: a b "Iran's only female mayor sweeps up small town". The Daily Star. August 4, 2004.
- Jump up ^ World Gazetteer: Sāveh
- ^ Jump up to: a b "Climate: Saveh - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
- Jump up ^ Cohen, Saul (1998). The Columbia Gazetteer of the World. Columbia University Press. p. 2833.
- ^ Jump up to: a b Polo, Marco and Rustichello da Pisa (1903). Henry Yule and Henri Cordier, ed. The Travels of Marco Polo: The Complete Yule-Cordier Edition.
- Jump up ^ Okhravi, R. and Djamali, M. (2003). "The missing ancient lake of Saveh: a historical review". Iranica Antiqua, 38, 327-344.
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- Mausoleum of Mahmoud Hessaby ,Tafresh
- Arak's grand Bazzar
- Mahallat's flower and plant festival
- Aveh ancient cite, Saveh
- Chaharfasl bath museum, Arak
- Hezaveh village
- Jameh Mosque of Saveh
- Panzdah khordad dam
- Emarat lake, Shazand
- Azadkhan cave, Mahallat
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